Topic

When Do I Need an Animal Use Protocol?

Who is this for?

Anyone planning to use animals in research or teaching at the University of Toronto (U of T), including those in the following roles.

  • Professor, Faculty Member
  • Teaching Stream Faculty

What do I need before I can begin?

In order to determine if an Animal Use Protocol (AUP) is required, first determine the scope and nature of the animal work. This includes the type(s) of species you plan to use, the types of activities that require animals use, and where the work will occur (e.g. at U of T or at another institution).

Overview

Any instructor or Principal Investigator (PI) working with vertebrate species or cephalopods must submit an animal use protocol (AUP) to the appropriate Local Animal Care Committee (LACC) through the online system – My Research Animal Protocol (MRAP). The LACC is responsible for the review and approval of teaching and research protocols to ensure that all animal use is in compliance with institutional, municipal, provincial, and federal regulations and guidelines.

Animal Work at U of T or in the Field

An AUP is required for all animal work (research and teaching) that will occur at the University of Toronto (U of T facilities) on campus or in the field (e.g. wildlife studies). Please see the Researchers’ Guides in the Forms & Download section of this page for more information. For teaching protocols, please see Pedagogical Merit Review for Animal Use for more information.

Animal Work at Fully-Affiliated University Institutions

Any animal research which is being conducted in a fully-affiliated institution within the Toronto Academic Health Science Network (TAHSN) and using U of T administered funding must be covered by an administrative U of T AUP. In these cases, only a copy of the approved AUP from the affiliated institution and approval letter from its Animal Care Committee (ACC) is required.

Collaborations

A U of T AUP is also required in the following circumstances.

  • Animals are transferred between U of T and another institution as part of a research project
  • All animal work will occur at another institution but the institution is NOT accredited by the CCAC. Please contact acc.coordinator@utoronto.ca if the institution is not listed among these certified institutions

Exemptions

A U of T AUP is NOT required in the following circumstances.

  • Invertebrate animals will be used (exception: cephalopods)
  • All work is performed at another CCAC-accredited institution, unless U of T administered funding requires a protocol for release (please see the section Animal Work at Fully-Affiliated University Institutions)
  • Any work that is CCAC category invasiveness A. This includes the following.
    • The use of eggs, embryos, fetuses, and larvae in research, teaching, or testing (except fish and amphibian larvae that have reached a stage where survival can reasonably be expected)
    • Cadavers of animals not killed specifically for the research or teaching in question, including the use of animals killed in the course of established industry or commercial practices and animal tissues shared from other approved protocols
    • Animals that will only be observed in formal teaching and in research, that are not being held captive for these purposes, and where there is no expected impact*
       

*Animals Observed With 'No Expected Impact' – Given current knowledge of the behaviour of a particular species, the proposed study design is unlikely to alter normal behaviour, including the timing and duration of specific behaviours (e.g., feeding, grooming) and interactions between conspecifics.

Please contact acc.coordinator@utoronto.ca to determine if your research fits one of these exemptions.

Forms & Downloads

VPRI Contact

Staff

Jennifer Lapierre

Animal Ethics and Compliance Manager
Research Oversight & Compliance Office (ROCO)
(416) 946-3608

Staff

General Inquiries: Animal Ethics & Compliance Unit

Research Oversight & Compliance Office (ROCO)
(416) 946-3273
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